The term LASIK is an acronym for Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis. It is the most common type of laser eye surgery and is commonly used for the correction of myopia (near-sightedness), hypermetropia (far-sightedness) and astigmatism.
For many, LASIK can correct vision so that they no longer need to wear glasses or contact lenses. LASIK allows surgeons to reshape the cornea to properly refract and focus light onto the retina; often times patients will end up with 20/20 vision.
Our refractive surgeon performs LASIK surgery using IntraLase™ FS technology, which is 100% blade-free. Patients not previously eligible for LASIK surgery may now be eligible given the precision and accuracy of the IFS technology available at our Little Rock laser eye center.
When performing bladeless LASIK, the LASIK surgeon uses a gentle laser to create the corneal flap. This technology allows the LASIK surgeon to better customize the corneal flap for each patient. As the name implies, no blades are used in this kind of laser eye surgery.
LASIK is an excellent choice for many patients. Custom LASIK is a laser vision correction procedure that helps your LASIK surgeon further customize the correction to your individual eyes. LASIK surgeons are able to focus on the quantity as well as the quality of your vision. Custom LASIK may result in vision clearer and sharper than ever before.
Custom LASIK uses Wavefront Technology to measure the way light travels through your eye. This technology performs a detailed analysis of your eye that examines the entire optical system. The instrument used provides information about the unique visual characteristics of your eye, allowing for an additional level of data about your vision. This, in turn,enables your LASIK surgeon to further customize your vision correction. The data is used to guide the laser during your Custom LASIK laser vision correction procedure for optimal results.
Several types of visual imperfections, referred to as lower- and higher-order aberrations, exist within the eye. These imperfections can affect both the sharpness (acuity) and quality of vision.
Lower-order aberrations commonly measured and treated with LASIK include:
Higher-order aberrations cannot be corrected with glasses, contact lenses, or LASIK treatments. In fact, some researchers have found that such imperfections may actually be increased by conventional (non-customized) laser eye surgery.
Wavefront analyzers measure aberrations in your eyes. A perfect wavefront is completely flat. When light rays enter the eye and pass through the different structures inside, the wavefront surface changes, taking on a shape unique to that eye. These variations are called wavefront errors.
The wavefront analyzer’s software performs complicated measurements and presents a visual representation of how light is bent by your eye for the surgeon to evaluate. Data from this process is transferred to the laser and used by your surgeon to create a treatment plan for your refractive error including both low and higher-order aberrations. Treating a LASIK laser eye surgery patient with the information taken from the wavefront analyzer can result in greater clarity of vision and fewer complaints of glare or night halos.
Prior to the surgery, your doctor will give you eye drops as your eyes will be dry although they may not feel like it. Once your eye is dry and numbed, you will be asked to lie down. Once you are comfortable, a special tool will be used to keep your eye open. The surgeon will work on each eye separately, but they’ll both be treated in one sitting, most likely minutes apart.
When the surgical procedure has been completed, you will spend 15 – 30 minutes in the recovery room before going home. If there are any questions or concerns after regular office hours, the doctor on call may be reached by calling (501) 224-2658 or (800) 537-8054.
Healing after LASIK is generally quick. Your vision may be slightly blurry or hazy the day after surgery, but most have improved vision within a few days of the LASIK surgery. You will most likely revisit your doctor 24-48 hours after surgery, but it varies from doctor to doctor.
Most procedures require returning to the Little Rock Eye Clinic the day following your surgery for removal of the eye bandage, exam, and you will be given post-operative instructions including activities and usage of medications. Your next post-op exam will be scheduled at that time.
There are many surgical options that can allow you to decrease or eliminate your dependence on glasses or contact lenses. When LASIK is not the best option for your eye, we can discuss with you what other treatment options would be best for you. A few of these include Photorefractive Keratectomy, Refractive Lens Exchange and Implantable Contact Lenses, and Peripheral Corneal Relaxing Incision.
The surgical coordinator is available to answer any questions regarding surgery and our custom LASIK options at (501) 224-5658 or (800) 537-8054.